Living with a disability brings endless challenges that require the effort of many to prevail. A child with a disability may not perform a particular bodily function; however, they may have complete control over others. Over time, a child with a disability must learn what they can and cannot do with their family’s support.
Depending on the disability, the child may have difficulties in social settings or require special needs to carry out the basic task. Intellectual and physical disabilities affect skill development and challenge a child’s ability to progress. It is important children with disability can still access education, care and support services to navigate everyday life. Their physical, psychological and emotional health is usually significantly impacted due to their circumstance.
About 1 in 50 Australian children has a physical or mental disability. A child may be born with a disability, developed the issue after birth, or it may have resulted from an injury.
Congenital disorders are present from birth and are either inherited or caused by environmental factors. Down syndrome and cerebral palsy are two common congenital disorders that can affect Australian children.
Other disabilities like heart conditions and hearing problems can arise after birth. If detected early, the disability may be manageable to prevent it from becoming a severe problem.
An injury that impacts the brain can lead to physical, mental and behavioural disabilities. A severe physical injury could result in a limb amputating or damaged spinal cord, resulting in permanent disability.